The internet, a revolutionary and cheap communications system, that has transformed the lives of billions of people across the world, celebrated its 30th birthday on January 1st.
While you sit through Facebook posting pictures of your New Year bash or check on your email to read your beloved ones greetings, wish a happy birthday to the very reason for it all. The internet, a revolutionary and cheap communications system, that has transformed the lives of billions of people across the world, celebrated its 30th birthday on January 1st.
It was on January 1, 1983, when the U.S. Department of Defence (DoD) commissioned the ARPANET network to switch from Network Control Protocol to Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). In other words, the Internet we know today was born. Although computers were being connected together since the 1960′s, the net we know today was made possible by the TCP/ IP.
The Network Control Protocol had some limitations, including how many computers it could connect together. Only about 1,000 computers can be connected in the ARPANET, but as the years progressed, more computers were being added. The network admins realized they would need a new protocol to accommodate a much larger and complicated network.
In 1973, engineers began working on the IPS and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) technology. The new systems replaced the old Network Control Protocol (NCP), making it safer and more reliable by ensuring that the network was not vulnerable to a single point of failure.
It wasn’t until English computer scientists Tim Berners-Lee stepped into the picture that Internet as we know today began to take shape. In 1989, Berners-Lee successfully used IPS network to host a system of interlinked hypertext documents creating the World Wide Web (WWW).
So, as you surf Facebook today on your smartphone, or check your email, or watch your favourite videos on YouTube, remember it all wouldn’t have been possible without that switch being flipped on 30 years ago today.